Sumps, which are known as oil pans in some English-speaking regions, are spaces where runoff tends to accumulate. This can occur in natural settings, but basements and crawl spaces can also act unfavorably as sumps in the instance that the water level is higher than the home’s foundation. This can result in the buildup of refuse, and to remove it, a sump pump is needed to direct it into a reservoir or other less problematic area. Sump pump installation Long Island (http://www.sumppumpinstallationlongisland.com) is particularly important for this reason.
It’s important to keep your basement dry in order to limit the proliferation of molds, mildew and other forms of unwanted and potentially harmful life forms gestating inside your home. It also limits the amount of damage that can occur to belongings and the basement or crawl space structure itself. Rotting and erosion can occur to wood and other parts of the construction if exposed to water for extended periods of time. Sump pumps are designed to eliminate and restrict these problems, making them essential for any home that’s situated where water is likely to accumulate.
Generally speaking, the first step to sump pump installation is to create a proper sump in the floor of the affected area, usually around the periphery. This serves to collect the runoff into a small basin with a pipe running out of it. There are many different sump pump installation designs intended for different scenarios and locations, but they all generally work by pulling fluid out of the basin through the aforementioned pipe (usually PVC) and depositing it somewhere else. The pipe typically runs through the ceiling or a nearby wall, stopping at a chosen point right outside the building and preferably away from normal areas of traversal.
There are two basic types of sump pump: pedestal and submersible. There are debates concerning which one is better overall, but knowing the needs of your particular home can make it easier to decide which one is right for you. Normally, a pedestal pump is positioned above the actual sump, keeping it away from the basin but also being more conspicuous. Submersible pumps are intuitively built into the ground and less noticeable as a result, drawing refuse away without taking up space or imparting the ugly look of pedestal types.
The practical difference between the two owes to the fact that one of them is isolated from the waste while the other is not. Pedestal sump pumps generally offer the following benefits and drawbacks:
- 25-30 years lifespan
- Easier maintenance
- Lower costs of sump pump installation, upkeep and removal
- Are more likely to clog due to the piping mechanism
Submersible pumps face the problem of requiring insulation and a different setup in order to remove refuse. Being installed directly into the ground, they’re not as noticeable, but they pay for it in longevity. Submersibles are expected to have the following:
- 5-15 years lifespan
- More difficult maintenance due to being installed in the floor
- Higher costs of installation, upkeep and removal
- Generally function more reliably thanks to a streamlined design
Depending on certain conditions, there are other traits to consider when choosing a pump, such as:
- Water level sensor type — pressure or floating
- Manual or automatic activation
- Backup pump system
- Power source and cord length, relevant for heavier-duty sump pump needs
- Head pressure (which is relevant to the piping layout that removes the refuse)
- Monitors, alarms and other electronic systems
In older homes, sump pumps may be tied directly into the sewage line, which municipalities generally forbid and have vocally admonished. This owes to concerns over the sewage lines becoming overburdened with waste if there are too many contributing sources. If you have a sump pump connected to your sewage line in Long Island, you’re recommended to have the waste deposited elsewhere. Bear in mind that waste deposited by a sump pump should be kept isolated from outdoor water systems, as it can pollute rivers, lakes and local water filtration systems.
If your home is having trouble with water collecting in the lower quarters, you may need to have a sump pump installed to remedy the issue. This is wise not only for the longevity of the house, but also the health of the occupants.